How to Scrape

TripAdvisor is one of the largest travel review platforms on the internet, with over 878 million reviews and opinions covering hotels, restaurants, experiences, and more. The wealth of data on TripAdvisor makes it an attractive target for web scraping.

In this comprehensive guide, we'll cover how to build a web scraper to extract key data from TripAdvisor, including hotel information, pricing, and reviews.

Why Scrape TripAdvisor?

There are several compelling reasons to scrape data from TripAdvisor:

  • Collect reviews and ratings: TripAdvisor contains a huge volume of reviews and ratings for hotels, restaurants, and attractions all over the world. Scraping this data allows you to perform sentiment analysis, identify trends, and monitor the performance of businesses.
  • Competitive intelligence: The pricing and availability data on TripAdvisor provide useful competitive intelligence. You can track the nightly rates and occupancy of competitors.
  • Location-based analytics: TripAdvisor has detailed data on hotels, restaurants, and things to do for destinations globally. This data can power location-based analytics and models.
  • Enrich business databases: By scraping TripAdvisor and integrating the data into business systems, you can build more powerful databases with third-party reviews and ratings.
  • Market research: Customer reviews and travel patterns on TripAdvisor offer valuable market research for the tourism and hospitality industries.

Is it Legal to Scrape TripAdvisor?

Before we continue, it's important to briefly discuss the legality of web scraping public sites like TripAdvisor. In general, scraping data from TripAdvisor is permissible so long as you:

  • Only scrape data you plan to use (don't overload servers)
  • Respect robots.txt restrictions
  • Scrape at reasonable speeds to avoid disruption
  • Don't falsify your scraper's User-Agent
  • Avoid scraping personal user data where prohibited
  • Cache scraped data when possible to prevent re-scraping

The Terms of Use prohibit scraping for commercial use without permission. However, scraping a reasonable volume of data for internal analytics or research should not pose issues.

When in doubt, consult an attorney for legal advice pertaining to your specific use case. But you can feel confident that non-disruptive scraping for legitimate purposes aligns with common interpretations of “ethical scraping”.

Now let's cover the tools and techniques needed to build a robust TripAdvisor web scraper.

Tools You Will Need to Scrape TripAdvisor

To extract data from TripAdvisor at scale, you will need:

  • A programming language like Python or Node.js – to write the web scraper code. Python is a popular choice given the machine learning libraries available. But Node.js works just as well.
  • HTTP client library – like requests in Python or axios in Node.js to send requests and handle responses.
  • HTML parsing library – like BeautifulSoup in Python or cheerio in Node.js to parse and extract data from the HTML.
  • Proxies – to route requests through different IPs and avoid blocks. Rotating residential proxies from providers like BrightData work well.
  • Scraper API – services like ScraperAPI, ScrapeStack or BrightData to solve CAPTCHAs and handle blocks automatically.
  • Server or cloud platform – so the scraper can run 24/7 without you needing to leave your computer on.
  • Database – for efficiently storing scraped data. MySQL, MongoDB and PostgreSQL are common choices.
  • Data pipeline – to move scraped data from your database into business intelligence tools like Tableau for analysis.

Let's explore some of these components more.

Why Proxies Are Essential

TripAdvisor has strong protections against scraping including reCAPTCHAs and IP blocks. Scraping from a single IP will likely result in blocks. Proxies allow requests to be routed through thousands of different IP addresses to avoid detection. Residential proxies – IPs from regular home connections – are ideal as they mimic real human users.

BrightData, Smartproxy, and Soax offer reliable residential proxies. For heavy scraping, proxies are non-negotiable.

Scraper APIs Solve Captchas and Blocks

Services like ScraperAPI and BrightData provide proxy APIs that handle IP rotation, bypass anti-bot measures, and solve captchas automatically. This means seamless scraping. For example, to use BrightData's API:

from brightdata.sdk import BrightData
bd = BrightData(YOUR_API_KEY)

with bd.collector(proxy_type="residential") as collector:
  response = collector.get(url)  

The API rotates IPs behind the scenes to avoid blocks. Enterprise plans provide higher request volumes. For serious scraping, scraper APIs are invaluable to maintain uptime and eliminate the headaches of solving captchas manually. Now let's dive into the step-by-step process for building a TripAdvisor scraper.

Step 1 – Find Target Hotel Pages to Scrape

With your tools in place, the first step is identifying the specific hotel pages you want to scrape data from. TripAdvisor has pages for over 1 million hotels worldwide, so we need to narrow down the list of targets.

There are two main ways to generate the target list:

1. Scrape TripAdvisor Search Results

  • Send a search query to TripAdvisor for a city or region
  • Parse the HTML for the search results page
  • Extract the links to each hotel result
  • Save these hotel page URLs in a list for scraping

For example, searching “Hotels in Miami” returns 1,800+ results across 75 pages. Here's a sample Python code to extract hotels from the search:

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup

search_url = ""

response = requests.get(search_url)
soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')

# Find all hotel links
hotels = []
for link in soup.find_all('a', class_='property_title'):
    url = link['href']
print(hotels[:10]) # Print first 10 hotels

This parses the page and grabs the link from each hotel search result.

2. Use a Target Hotel ID List

  • Compile a specific list of hotel IDs you want to scrape
  • Construct hotel URLs by inserting the IDs

For example:

Having a curated hotel ID list allows precise control over targets. Sites like TripAdvisor Help provide ID references. Once you have your list of hotel URLs, you can proceed to scrape each page.

Step 2 – Extract Key Data from Each Hotel Page

Now we're ready to scrape each hotel page to extract details like name, address, ratings, and amenities. The main data fields we want are:

  • Hotel name
  • Address
  • Rating (TripAdvisor bubble rating 1-5)
  • Number of reviews
  • Amenities (breakfast, wifi, parking, etc)
  • Latitude/Longitude

Here is an example Python code to extract these fields using the requests and BeautifulSoup libraries:

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup

hotel_url = ""

response = requests.get(hotel_url)
soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')

name = soup.select_one(".fkWsC").getText()
address = soup.select_one(".fkWsC + div").getText()  

rating = soup.select_one("svg[class*='bubble_rating']")['title']
num_reviews = soup.find('a', class_="reviewCount").text.split()[0]

amenities = [item.getText() for item in".amenities li")]

lat = soup.select_one("meta[itemprop='latitude']")['content']
lng = soup.select_one("meta[itemprop='longitude']")['content']

print(name, address, rating, num_reviews, lat, lng, amenities)

By carefully inspecting elements using your browser's dev tools, you can identify the right CSS selectors or properties to extract each data field. The key methods are:

  • – Extracts elements by CSS selector
  • soup.find() – Finds element by attributes
  • element.getText() – Gets inner text of HTML element
  • element['attribute'] – Gets specific HTML attribute value

This allows cleanly extracting the required hotel details.

Step 3 – Scrape All Reviews for Each Hotel

In addition to hotel details, we also want to scrape customer reviews. However, TripAdvisor pages only show review excerpts – the full reviews live on separate URLs. Here is how to extract all reviews for a hotel:

from urllib.parse import urljoin

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup

hotel_url = ""

response = requests.get(hotel_url)
soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')

# Find all review links on page
links = []
for link in soup.find_all('a', class_='reviewSelector'):
    url = urljoin(hotel_url, link['href'])
for url in links:
   review_response = requests.get(url)
   review_soup = BeautifulSoup(review_response.text, 'html.parser')
   title = review_soup.select_one('.noQuotes').getText()  
   text = review_soup.select_one('.partial_entry').getText()
   rating = review_soup.select_one('.ratingSpan').get('alt'))
   print(title, rating, text)

This grabs the relative review links from the hotel page, visits each page, and extracts the key review details – title, text, and rating. With just a dozen or so lines of Python, you can extract all reviews for research and analysis!

Step 4 – Scrape Real-Time Hotel Pricing & Availability

The last piece of data we want to scrape from TripAdvisor is up-to-date pricing and availability. TripAdvisor uses JavaScript to load pricing dynamically. To scrape this data, we can use Selenium in Python which launches a browser to render JavaScript.

Here is an example to extract pricing tables:

from selenium import webdriver

URL = ""

options = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
options.headless = True # Don't launch actual browser 
driver = webdriver.Chrome(options=options)

table = driver.find_element_by_id("taplc_hr_atf_north_star_meta_block_0")

rows = table.find_elements_by_tag_name("tr")
for row in rows:
    cells = row.find_elements_by_tag_name("td")  
    print(cells[0].text, cells[1].text) # Date, Price

This locates the pricing table, extracts each row, and prints key data like date and price. With just a few tweaks – such as iterating through upcoming months – you can build a comprehensive pricing scraper.

Avoid Getting Blocked While Scraping

A common challenge when scraping TripAdvisor at scale is getting blocked by their anti-bot protections and having to solve endless CAPTCHAs. Here are some tips to scrape safely:

  • Use proxies – Rotate different residential proxies with each request. Tools like BrightData, and Smartproxy provide managed proxy APIs.
  • Limit request rate – Add delays of 1-3 seconds between requests to avoid detection. Don't bombard servers.
  • Randomize user-agents – Mimic real desktop and mobile browsers by sending diverse user-agents.
  • Use scraper APIs – Services like ScraperAPI, ScrapingDog, and ScrapeStack handle IP rotation, CAPTCHAs, and blocks automatically.
  • Monitor carefully – Check for 403 errors and captchas which signal blocks. Adapt your scraper accordingly.
  • Use a headless browser – Selenium configured to run headlessly looks less suspicious than a default browser.

With care, you can build a TripAdvisor scraper that gathers useful data at scale without stability issues or scraping burnout!


With an effective TripAdvisor scraper in hand, you're ready to derive powerful insights from reviews and rating data across millions of properties worldwide! With some careful precautions, you can scrape TripAdvisor successfully at scale. The data available can power some very useful hospitality analytics and applications!

John Rooney

John Rooney

John Watson Rooney, a self-taught Python developer and content creator with a focus on web scraping, APIs, and automation. I love sharing my knowledge and expertise through my YouTube channel, My channel caters to all levels of developers, from beginners looking to get started in web scraping to experienced programmers seeking to advance their skills with modern techniques. I have worked in the e-commerce sector for many years, gaining extensive real-world experience in data handling, API integrations, and project management. I am passionate about teaching others and simplifying complex concepts to make them more accessible to a wider audience. In addition to my YouTube channel, I also maintain a personal website where I share my coding projects and other related content.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply

      Compare items
      • Total (0)